Circular Economy Domains
Under the light of the increasing diffusion of E&HEVs, the establishment of a circular economy approach is of paramount importance to guarantee future sustainability in the automotive industry.
In order to boost the adoption of circular economy approach within E&HEVs industry, the CarE-Service project will exploit the economic potential offered by re-use, remanufacturing and recycling of high-value components of post-use E&HEVs within a circular economy perspective.
Currently, due to the novelty of E&HEVs, such an approach in not existing. Indeed, even if it is not optimal in terms of environmental and economic benefits, high added-value components are not selectively recovered and they are part of the undifferentiated flow of automotive waste that is recycled after the removal of hazardous thorough shredding and chemical processes.
Hence, to guarantee future environmental and economic sustainability of the E&HE vehicles, the following strategies should be perused:
- When possible, re-use products as a whole or re-use residual functionalities of components through remanufacturing and refurbishing.
- When functionalities can not be recovered, selective recycling strategies (i.e. processing specific type of parts instead then undifferentiated multi-material flows).
In particular, CarE-service will test the application of these strategies only to extremely advanced and high value E&HEVs components and materials, whose residual value at the EOL is significant:
- Battery, which is the most relevant component of E&HE vehicles.
- Metal parts, that can represent the 60%-70% of the overall materials.
- Techno-polymers, which are characterized by high mechanical properties.
Based on these assumptions, CarE-Service targets the reuse, remanufacturing and selective recycling of batteries and of a selected set of high added-value metallic and techno-polymeric parts.